Lewis Hamilton achieved his 28th career pole position at his home race with a margin over his Mercedes team-mate of four tenths of a second.
The 2008 world champion overcame the challenge from Nico Rosberg to take the top spot at Silverstone, as the Silver Arrows once again made qualifying their own.
The first flying lap of one minute, 30.096 seconds set early in Q3 gave Hamilton the initial advantage by a tenth and a half.
Rosberg managed to beat that with a one minute, 30.059 seconds on his second run, but Hamilton was already responding with an ever quicker lap.
Hamilton came through in the final moments of Q3 with one minute, 29.607 seconds lap, taking pole position in front of his home crowd. This was his first at Silverstone since 2007.
Red Bull Racing was the only rival to Mercedes, but Sebastian Vettel and Mark Webber had to be content with the second row. The pair were just only 0.009 seconds apart.
Paul di Resta also impressed with fifth for Force India. Two British drivers in the top six will give the home supporters to cheer.
His team-mate Adrian Sutil was up in seventh, behind the sensational Daniel Ricciardo, while second Toro Rosso of Jean-Eric Vergne was way back in P13.
Ferrari struggled badly with a lack of pace at Silverstone. Fernando Alonso was only tenth fastest, beaten by the Lotus pair as well as the others. Felipe Massa also failed to get of Q2 and will start in P12.
Despite predicting on Friday that Q3 would be impossible for McLaren, a mighty late-Q2 lap from Jenson Button almost got him into the top ten.
Unfortunately for the Woking-based team, Raikkonen squeezed ahead by 0.057 seconds, leaving Button P11. His team-mate Sergio Perez was fourth tenths and three positions further back.
One race on from his incredible Montreal qualifying result, it was back to reality for Valtteri Bottas. He was eliminated in Q1 and will start one place behind Williams team-mate Pastor Maldonado in P17.
Sauber’s year continued in the same disappointing form too, with Nico Hulkenberg and Esteban Gutierrez P15 and P18.
Max Chilton was troubled to end up slowest in his first Formula 1 qualifying session at home, especially with Marussia team-mate Jules Bianchi 1.7 seconds faster.
But Chilton will not start last as Giedo van der Garde will drop back due to his penalty for tangling with Mark Webber in Montreal.
So a Silver Arrows front row at Silverstone with the crowd favourite on pole position. Can Lewis Hamilton achieve his first win of the year, in front of the passionate crowd? That would be a dream result for the 2008 world champion if he can repeat his impressive pace in the race.
Qualifying positions for the British Grand Prix:
1. Lewis Hamilton Mercedes 1m29.607s
2. Nico Rosberg Mercedes 1m30.059s
3. Sebastian Vettel Red Bull-Renault 1m30.211s
4. Mark Webber Red Bull-Renault 1m30.220s
5. Paul di Resta Force India-Mercedes 1m30.736s
6. Daniel Ricciardo Toro Rosso-Ferrari 1m30.757s
7. Adrian Sutil Force India-Mercedes 1m30.908s
8. Romain Grosjean Lotus-Renault 1m30.955s
9. Kimi Raikkonen Lotus-Renault 1m30.962s
10. Fernando Alonso Ferrari 1m30.979s
11. Jenson Button McLaren-Mercedes 1m31.649s
12. Felipe Massa Ferrari 1m31.779s
13. Jean-Eric Vergne Toro Rosso-Ferrari 1m31.785s
14. Sergio Perez McLaren-Mercedes 1m32.082s
15. Nico Hulkenberg Sauber-Ferrari 1m32.211s
16. Pastor Maldonado Williams-Renault 1m32.359s
17. Valtteri Bottas Williams-Renault 1m32.664s
18. Esteban Gutierrez Sauber-Ferrari 1m32.666s
19. Charles Pic Caterham-Renault 1m33.866s
20. Jules Bianchi Marussia-Cosworth 1m34.108s
21. Giedo van der Garde Caterham-Renault 1m35.481s
22. Max Chilton Marussia-Cosworth 1m35.858s
107 per cent time: 1m37.364s